Avocado production in Mexico has increased significantly in recent years due to favorable growing conditions and growing consumer demand. Mexico is currently the world’s leading avocado producer, accounting for more than 40% of global production.
Most of Mexico’s production takes place in the state of Michoacán, where the climate is warm and humid with abundant rainfall, making the state an ideal location for avocado production, as avocado trees thrive well in these conditions.
In addition to Michoacán, avocado production also takes place in other states, although only Michoacán and Jalisco are able to export to the United States. As avocado production in Mexico continues to increase, it is likely that the country will maintain its position as the world’s leading avocado producer.
Key avocado producing states in Mexico
The states that lead avocado production in Mexico are Michoacán, Jalisco, Estado de México, Nayarit and Morelos with 95.5% of the national volume in 2021, or 2,333,368 tonnes.
Michoacán, in the 1st position, produced 1,826,416 tonnes of avocado (74.8%), volume obtained from 166,851 hectares harvested (73.7%), so the average yield in the state was 10.9 tonnes per hectare.
Of the 5 states with the highest production, Jalisco and the State of Mexico obtained the highest average yield, with 12.0 tonnes per hectare, while the highest price per tonne was obtained in Jalisco with 21,804 pesos.
In terms of the production value, Michoacán led with 38,885 million pesos, accounting for 76.9% of the national total, followed by Jalisco and the State of Mexico with 11.0% and 4.4%, respectively.
Key avocado producing municipalities in Mexico
The 10 municipalities with the highest avocado production in Mexico during 2021 were Tancítaro, Ario, Salvador Escalante, Uruapan, Tacámbaro, Peribán, Nuevo Parangaricutiro, Los Reyes, Turicato and Tingüindín, which accounted for 58.5% of the national volume, or 1,428,689 tonnes.
Tancítaro, in 1st position, produced 227,677 tonnes (9.3%), being also the municipality with the largest harvested area with 22,940 hectares (10.1%), as well as the municipality that obtained the highest value of production, with 4,864 million pesos (9.6%).