Mexico’s Fruit and Vegetable Production in Peril Due to Drought
Mexico’s ongoing drought has affected a staggering 88.8% of its territory and could have a devastating impact on the agricultural sector.
Fruit and vegetable crops could be particularly hard hit because they require significant volumes of water at particular stages of their production cycle.
The absence of rainfall combined with soaring temperatures jeopardizes the production of fruits and vegetables, essential for the country’s food supply and economy, generating substantial income through exports to the United States.
Water Scarcity Threatens Mexican Agriculture
June, July, August, and September were the hottest months in the last 80 years. The total rainfall from January 1st to October 1st this year was 420.3 millimeters, 31.9% below the average between 1991 and 2020.
The production of fruits and vegetables is suffering due to the lack of rainfall and decreasing water levels in reservoirs across various states. Reservoirs in Sinaloa, Sonora, and Tamaulipas are at critical levels, with capacities of only 29%, 40%, and 18%, respectively.
This situation has already resulted in reduced crop yields in several agricultural regions of the country. However, if this trend continues, the most significant impacts will be felt in 2024.
Pinning Hopes on the Ongoing Hurricane Season
According to the Mexican National Meteorological Service, the country needs 6 to 8 hurricanes to mitigate this critical situation. However, of the 16 to 22 hurricanes forecasted for the Pacific and the 10 to 16 hurricanes forecasted for the Atlantic this year, only two have made landfall in Mexico: Beatriz in June and Hilary in August.
Hurricanes are crucial to alleviate the country’s drought, and Mexico’s hurricane season typically lasts until November 30th.
The current expectations from the National Meteorological Service suggest a 4.6% precipitation deficit in the coming months. However, there is a chance of slight recovery in December due to the presence of the El Niño phenomenon, which could extend the hurricane season.
Additionally, it is anticipated that by the end of 2023, cold fronts will bring moisture, which, combined with an expected 9-10 winter storms, could relieve some of the most severely affected states with moisture and precipitation.
How Can We Help You?
Discover how our Pre-Season financing can help you invest in irrigation system technology, maximizing your water usage efficiency. This will ensure that your harvest meets the expected volume and quality. Don’t let drought hinder your business growth.
Sources: El Economista, Código 13, Milenio