Chile’s diverse climate and soil conditions allow for the production of a wide range of high-quality agricultural products and have positioned the country as an essential player in the global food market.
The South American nation also benefits from commercial agro-export agreements with more than 60 countries, which give its growers preferential access to foreign markets and enable them to remain competitive in the global agricultural export industry.
Grapes are Chile’s largest fresh produce crop by volume. Growers harvested 2,581,108 metric tons in 2021, equivalent to 18.1% of national agricultural production.
Chile’s grapes are grown on 201,895 hectares of land, yielding 12.8 tons per hectare.
After grapes, apples, potatoes, tomatoes and plums are the highest-volume crops, collectively representing 27.4% of national production.
Other significant agro-products include onions, cherries, peaches, tangerines, lemons, pears, avocados, kiwifruits, oranges, olives and blueberries.
In 2021, apples were Chile’s largest export crop by volume, with shipments of 644,442 metric tons accounting for 15.3% of total agri-food exports.
Grapes, cherries, tangerines and kiwifruits round out the top five, adding up to 21.5% of total export volume. Other high-volume fruits and vegetables include pears, plums, blueberries, oranges, limes, avocados, peaches and walnuts.
Cherries have the highest value of all Chilean export products, earning $1.68 billion, 13.3% of the total value of all fruit and vegetable exports. Grapes came in second place with a value of $920 million, representing 7.3% of the total value.
The next highest-earning products were apples, blueberries, avocados, kiwifruits and plums. These five crops together represented an export value of $1.93 billion, equivalent to 15.2% of Chile’s fresh produce exports.
European exports are hugely important to Chile, and it’s essential to continue developing and strengthening the agro-export sector to maintain an active presence in the market.
The Netherlands is the leading destination for Chilean agro-exports, with 303,489 metric tons imported in 2021, accounting for 25.8% of total shipments.
However, the United Kingdom, Germany, Russia and Spain are also major destinations for Chilean fruits and vegetables, and these four countries purchased 45.3% of Chilean agricultural exports.
The largest export product by volume to these countries is apples, which total 24.0% of shipments, followed by grapes, avocados, blueberries and pears.
However, avocados generated the highest export value, accounting for $197 million, followed by blueberries at $192 million, apples at $125 million, grapes at $118 million and kiwifruits at $57 million.
In economic terms, the Netherlands is still the main market for Chilean agro-exports, with a value of $660 million in 2021, equivalent to 24.9% of the total value.
The United Kingdom ranks second, with $475 million, followed by Germany with $311 million. In addition, countries such as Italy, Spain, Russia and France all imported over $100 million of Chilean produce in 2021.
Chile’s agro-exporting industry faces several challenges that may negatively impact its long-term development and growth. The three most relevant are:
Chile’s agro-export sector has become one of the critical pillars of the country’s economy. It’s an essential source of income and generates employment opportunities throughout the country. However, the sector faces many challenges.
For example, the table grape industry is undergoing a varietal replacement that requires significant financing, as growers adopt new domestic and foreign varieties to meet the demands of consumers and exporters.
Varietal replacement is complex and requires a large economic investment in new technologies, which can be a struggle for small and medium-sized growers.
Table grape production in Chile has also been hit by multiple adverse factors, such as drought, low labor availability, international competition, changing consumption, and increased certification requirements.
The industry needs investments to remain competitive in an increasingly demanding market. This requires access to working capital and a healthy cash flow. ProducePay’s Pre-Harvest Financing or Quick-Pay Marine factoring allows growers to expand their operations globally without undercapitalization.
Fuentes: FAOSTAT, FAOSTAT, Portal Frutícola
Contact our team of experts to see how our solutions can best benefit you.